Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Improvement of Well-Being in People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Sara Carletto, Cesare Cavalera, Isabel Sadowski, Marco Rovaris, Martina Borghi, Bassam Khoury, Luca Ostacoli, Francesco Pagnini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to meta-analytically review studies about the effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) on well-being of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched from June 2018 to September 2018. A systematic review and a meta-analysis were conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies were included in qualitative synthesis, and 10 studies were included in meta-analysis. MBIs are effective with an overall moderate effect size (Hedges' g = 0.70) in improving well-being in people with MS, with lasting effects at the follow-up (g = 0.55). In particular, MBIs demonstrated to highly reduce stress (g = 1.07) and to improve depression and anxiety symptoms with a moderate to large effect at postintervention (g = 0.77 and g = 0.63, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: MBIs represent a valid and effective mind-body intervention to improve the well-being of patients with MS. Further studies should investigate which components of MBIs could be more beneficial for patients with progressive MS. PROSPERO REGISTRATION: CRD42018099704.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-613
Number of pages14
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume82
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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