Mindfulness trait, eating behaviours and body uneasiness: A case-control study of binge eating disorder

A. Compare, E. Callus, E. Grossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Binge eating disorder (BED) is a complex and multifaceted eating disorder, and the literature indicates that BED patients show greater difficulty in identifying and making sense of emotional states, and that they have limited access to emotion regulation strategies. Findings show many links between mindfulness and emotional regulation, however there has been no previous research on mindfulness traits in BED patients. METHOD: One hundred fifty BED patients (N=150: women=98, men=52; age 49.3±4.1) were matched for gender, age, marital status and educational level with 150 non-bingeing obese and 150 normal-weight subjects. All were assessed with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Binge Eating Scale (BES), Objective bulimic episodes (EDE-OBEs) and Body Uneasiness Test (BUT). For all the participants past or current meditation experience was an exclusion criteria. RESULTS: Findings showed that Mindfulness-global, Non reactivity to experience, Acting with awareness, Describing with words and Observation of experience scores were significantly lower in BED than control groups (p

Original languageEnglish
JournalEating and Weight Disorders
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Binge eating disorder
  • Body uneasiness
  • Eating behaviours
  • Mindfulness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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