Mineral particles in the lungs of subjects resident in the rome area and not occupationally exposed to mineral dust

L. Paoletti, D. Batisti, S. Caiazza, M. G. Petrelli, F. Taggi, L. De Zorzi, M. A. Dina, G. Donelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We studied the inorganic particulate contained in the lung parenchyma of 10 subjects (5 males and 5 females) resident in an urban area and not occupationally exposed to dusts. A total of 17 mineral types were identified, along with 16 metal elements in the form of oxides and sulfides. Approximately 70% of the minerals were made up of phyllosilicates, in particular clay, mica, and talc; three metal elements, Fe, Al, and Ti, accounted for more than 75% of the recovered oxide particles. The mean concentration of the observed inorganic particles was approximately 1.8 × 105 pp/mg dry tissue. No significant differences were observed in terms of total particulate concentration in the various areas of the lungs and between the right and left lung. Instead we observed a larger concentration of fibrous particles in the upper lobes. The analysis of the data made it possible to determine the presence of a high degree of correlation between the concentrations of silicates and the concentrations of metal oxides and sulfides, implying the existence of a ubiquitous environmental source of these mineral particles. The frequent observation of tremolite fibers is remarkable. This finding, confirmed elsewhere, indicates that the magnitude of the sources of these fibers in the environment, constituted by contaminated talc dusts, has been underestimated until today.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-28
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

Fingerprint

Dust
Oxides
Talc
Minerals
Metals
Sulfides
dust
Lung
talc
mineral
Silicates
Fibers
sulfide
oxide
tremolite
metal
phyllosilicate
Observation
mica
Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Paoletti, L., Batisti, D., Caiazza, S., Petrelli, M. G., Taggi, F., De Zorzi, L., ... Donelli, G. (1987). Mineral particles in the lungs of subjects resident in the rome area and not occupationally exposed to mineral dust. Environmental Research, 44(1), 18-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-9351(87)80083-X

Mineral particles in the lungs of subjects resident in the rome area and not occupationally exposed to mineral dust. / Paoletti, L.; Batisti, D.; Caiazza, S.; Petrelli, M. G.; Taggi, F.; De Zorzi, L.; Dina, M. A.; Donelli, G.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1987, p. 18-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Paoletti, L, Batisti, D, Caiazza, S, Petrelli, MG, Taggi, F, De Zorzi, L, Dina, MA & Donelli, G 1987, 'Mineral particles in the lungs of subjects resident in the rome area and not occupationally exposed to mineral dust', Environmental Research, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 18-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-9351(87)80083-X
Paoletti, L. ; Batisti, D. ; Caiazza, S. ; Petrelli, M. G. ; Taggi, F. ; De Zorzi, L. ; Dina, M. A. ; Donelli, G. / Mineral particles in the lungs of subjects resident in the rome area and not occupationally exposed to mineral dust. In: Environmental Research. 1987 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 18-28.
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