Mini Nutritional Assessment (short form) and functional decline in older patients admitted to an acute medical ward

Fabio Salvi, Rafaella Giorgi, Annalisa Grilli, Valeria Morichi, Emma Espinosa, Liana Spazzafumo, Maria Laura Marinozzi, Paolo Dessì-Fulgheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Protein and/or energy malnutrition is common in hospitalized older patients and is associated with poor outcomes. Among recommended nutritional screening tools, contrasting data exist about the usefulness of the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF). We evaluated whether the MNA-SF, alone or integrated with serum albumin levels, is a reliable predictor of functional decline in older patients. Methods: We studied 275 elderly patients (mean age 76.5, 60.7% males) admitted to an acute medical ward of a tertiary-care teaching hospital over a 12-month period. In this observational study, we evaluated nutritional status, with the MNA-SF alone or integrated with albumin. Data were collected at admission and related to laboratory and geriatric assessment features, and length of stay (LOS). Functional decline (defined as a loss ≥10% in terms of Barthel Index score at discharge compared with 2 weeks before admission) was considered as outcome. Results: The MNA-SF estimated 46% patients at risk of malnutrition. These subjects had worse clinical features (lower total cholesterol and albumin levels), longer LOS (13.3 vs 11.2 days, p=0.014) and considerable functional decline (OR 4.25, 95% CI 1.83-9.9, p=0.001). Integrating the MNA-SF with albumin values, we obtained an effective instrument to detect older inpatients with protein-energy malnutrition, at higher risk of undergoing functional decline (OR 16.19, 95% CI 4.68-56.03, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-328
Number of pages7
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Hospital outcomes
  • Length of stay
  • Mini nutritional assessment
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mini Nutritional Assessment (short form) and functional decline in older patients admitted to an acute medical ward'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this