Miniaturized mechanical chest compressor: A new option for cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Giuseppe Ristagno, Carlos Castillo, Wanchun Tang, Shijie Sun, Joe Bisera, Max Harry Weil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim of study: After cardiac arrest, uninterrupted chest compressions with restoration of myocardial blood flow facilitates restoration of spontaneous circulation. We recognized that this may best be accomplished with a mechanical device and especially so during transport. We therefore sought to develop a lightweight, portable chest compressor which may be carried on the belt or attached to the oxygen tank typically carried on the back of the first response rescuer. A miniaturized pneumatic chest compressor (MCC) weighing less than 2 kg was developed and compared with a currently marketed "Michigan Thumper®", which weighed 19 kg. We hypothesized that the 2 kg, low profile, portable device will be as effective as the standard pneumatic Thumper® for restoring circulation during CPR. Material and methods: Ventricular fibrillation was electrically induced in 10 domestic male pigs weighing 39 ± 2 kg, and untreated for 5 min. Animals were then randomized to receive chest compressions with either the MCC or the Thumper®. After 5 min of mechanical chest compression, defibrillation was attempted with a 150 J biphasic shock. Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) and end tidal PCO2 (EtPCO2) were measured by conventional techniques together with right carotid artery blood flow (CBF). Results: Four of five animals compressed with the Thumper® and each animal compressed with the MCC were successfully resuscitated. No significant differences in CPP, EtPCO2, CBF and post-resuscitation myocardial function were observed between groups. Resuscitated animals survived for more than 72 h without neurological impairment. Conclusion: The low profile, 2 kg miniaturized chest compressor is as effective as the conventional Thumper® in an experimental model of CPR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Chest compression
  • Coronary perfusion pressure
  • Mechanical chest compressor
  • Myocardial function
  • Post-resuscitation survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Nursing(all)

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