Miniaturized radiochemical purity testing for 99mTc-HMPAO, 99mTc-HMDP, and 99mTc-tetrofosmin

Ana de la Fuente, Roberta Zanca, Roberto Boni, Angela G. Cataldi, Martina Sollini, Elena Lazzeri, Giuliano Mariani, Paola A. Erba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Quick methods are functional in clinical practice to ensure the fastest availability of radiopharmaceuticals. For this purpose, we investigated the radiochemical purity of the widely used 99mTc-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate, 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime, and 99mTc-tetrofosmin by reducing time as compared with the manufacturer's method. Methods: We applied a miniaturized chromatographic method with a reduced strip development from 18 cm to 9 cm for all 3 radiopharmaceuticals. The specific support medium and solvent system of the manufacturer's methods was kept unchanged for 99mTc-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate and 99mTc-tetrofosmin, whereas for 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime the instant thin-layer chromatography (ITLC) polysilicic gel (silicic acid [SA]) was replaced with a monosilicic gel (silicic gel [SG]) in the chromatographic system that uses methyl ethyl ketone as solvent. The method was applied and compared with the routine ITLC insert method in a total of 30 batches for each radiopharmaceutical. The precision of repeated tests was determined by comparison with the results of 10 replications on the same batch. Small volumes of concentrated 99mTcO4 -, and 99mTc-albumin nanocolloid were used to produce potential radiochemical impurities. Correlation between the quick methods and the insert methods was analyzed using a nonparametric 2-tailed test and a 2 · 2 contingency table with the associated Fisher exact test to evaluate sensitivity and specificity. A receiver-operating-characteristic analysis was performed to evaluate the best cutoff. Results: The percentage radiochemical purity of the quick methods agreed with the standard chromatography procedures.We found that 99mTcO4 and colloidal impurities are not the only common radiochemical impurities with 99mTc-tetrofosmin, and shortening of the ITLC strip with respect to the manufacturer's method will worsen system resolution and may produce inaccuracy. Conclusion: The miniaturized methods we described represent a fast and reliable alternative for 99mTc-exametazime and 99mTc-oxidronate quality control, with the upper cutoff for acceptable radiochemical purity values being 84% and 95%, respectively. For 99mTc-tetrofosmin radiochemical purity testing, a longer strip as described in the standard method is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-240
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Tc-HMDP
  • Tc-HMPAO
  • Tc-tetrofosmin
  • ITLC
  • Quality control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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