Minimally Invasive Treatment of Pediatric Extrinsic Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction by Crossing Polar Vessels: Is Vascular Hitching a Definitive Solution? Report of a Multicenter Survey

Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Cosimo Bleve, Paolo Caione, Maria Escolino, Simona Gerocarni Nappo, Rosa Perretta, Angela La Manna, Ciro Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: This article aimed to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic vascular hitch (VH) as an effective alternative to dismembered pyeloplasty in the treatment of children with extrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) by crossing vessels (CVs), by reporting the experience of three Italian centers of Pediatric Surgery. Methods: From 2006 to 2014, 54 children (18 girls and 36 boys, average age 10.7 years) affected by suspected extrinsic UPJO by CV were treated in three different institutions: 51 patients underwent laparoscopic VH, while 3 patients, in which a coexisting intrinsic etiology of UPJO was doubtful, underwent laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. Preoperative diagnostic workup included: ultrasound (US)/Doppler scan, mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3)-renal scan, and functional-magnetic-resonance-urography (fMRU). Symptoms at presentation were recurrent abdominal/flank pain and hematuria. All patients presented intermittent hydronephrosis (range 18-100 mm) on US and an obstructive pattern on MAG3 renogram. Results: Average operative time was 108 minutes, and average hospital stay was 1.8 days. As for complications, we reported a small abdominal wall hematoma and a high UPJ distortion without obstruction in 2 patients, not requiring reintervention (grade I Clavien-Dindo). At follow-up (range 12-96 months), all patients reported resolution of symptoms, decrease in the hydronephrosis grade, and improved drainage on MAG3 renogram. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic VH for treatment of extrinsic UPJO by CV, registering excellent outcomes in a very selected patient population. The careful selection of patients through intraoperative assessment of anatomical and functional aspects is a crucial step to confirm indications for VH and maintain a high success rate with the procedure. We believe that any concerns regarding the coexistence of intrinsic stenosis should certainly lead to opening the collecting system and to performing a classic dismembered pyeloplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-971
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • children
  • crossing vessels
  • extrinsic UPJO
  • laparoscopy
  • vascular hitch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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