Minute focus of prostate cancer on needle biopsy: Correlation with radical prostatectomy specimen.

Emanuele Montanari, Alberto Del Nero, Giacomo Gazzano, Barbara Mangiarotti, Paolo Bernardini, Fabrizio Longo, Giovanni Cordima, Emanuele Itri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To determine if the presence of a single minute neoplastic lesion defined as a lesion ≤ 0.5 mm in length and Gleason score ≤ 6 at biopsy is a reliable predictor of the presence of a potentially clinically insignificant carcinoma at radical prostatectomy. Patients and Methods: We searched in our series of 151 consecutive patients submitted to radical retropubic prostatectomy from September 2003 to April 2007 for patients with a single minute focus of cancer at prostate biopsy. In all bioptic samples we calculated the total length of cores, length and percentage of neoplastic areas and Gleason grade. Total PSA and PSA density was obtained in all patients. Potentially clinically insignificant cancers at radical prostatectomy were defined as those with a tumor volume ≤ 0.5 cc, Gleason score ≤ 6 and organ confined disease. The clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with minute prostatic lesion were compared with other prostate cancers by using the 2-sample t-test and chi square test. Results: In 18 (11.9%) patients the prostate biopsy showed a single neoplastic focus of ≤ 0.5 mm in length and Gleason score of ≤ 6. At definitive histological analysis of the RRP specimen only 5 patients (27.7%) presented a neoplasia potentially clinically insignificant. These patients on the preoperative criteria didn't show any statistically significant difference from the group with clinically significant neoplastic lesion at radical prostatectomy as far as prostate volume, total PSA, PSA density and total length of bioptic core. Conclusion: The weak correspondence between the presence of neoplastic lesions of minimal entity at prostate biopsy and potentially clinical insignificant carcinoma at radical prostatectomy has also been confirmed by our data: only 30% of patients with a single minute focus of well differentiated prostate cancer at biopsy showed at definitive pathology a potentially clinically insignificant cancer. Moreover the parameters we considered as possible predictive factors of clinically insignificant carcinoma did not demonstrate to be reliable criteria in order to identify these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-12
Number of pages4
JournalArchivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009


  • Biopsy
  • Microfocal
  • Prostate
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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