Mipomersen, an Antisense Oligonucleotide to Apolipoprotein B-100, Reduces Lipoprotein(a) in Various Populations With Hypercholesterolemia: Results of 4 Phase III Trials

Raul D. Santos, Frederick J. Raal, Alberico L. Catapano, Joseph L. Witztum, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Sotirios Tsimikas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE—: Lp(a) is an independent, causal, genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease and aortic stenosis. Current pharmacological lipid-lowering therapies do not optimally lower Lp(a), particularly in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).

APPROACH AND RESULTS—: In 4 phase III trials, 382 patients on maximally tolerated lipid-lowering therapy were randomized 2:1 to weekly subcutaneous mipomersen 200 mg (n=256) or placebo (n=126) for 26 weeks. Populations included homozygous FH, heterozygous FH with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD), severe hypercholesterolemia, and hypercholesterolemia at high risk for CAD. Lp(a) was measured 8× between baseline and week 28 inclusive. Of the 382 patients, 57% and 44% had baseline Lp(a) levels >30 and >50 mg/dL, respectively. In the pooled analysis, the mean percent decrease (median, interquartile range in Lp(a) at 28 weeks was significantly greater in the mipomersen group compared with placebo (−26.4 [−42.8, −5.4] versus −0.0 [−10.7, 15.3]; P30 or >50 mg/dL, attainment of Lp(a) values ≤30 or ≤50 mg/dL was most frequent in homozygous FH and severe hypercholesterolemia patients. In the combined groups, modest correlations were present between percent change in apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) (r=0.43; P

CONCLUSIONS—: Mipomersen consistently and effectively reduced Lp(a) levels in patients with a variety of lipid abnormalities and cardiovascular risk. Modest correlations were present between apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) lowering but the mechanistic relevance mediating Lp(a) reduction is currently unknown.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 22 2015

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Apolipoprotein B-100
Lipoprotein(a)
Antisense Oligonucleotides
Hypercholesterolemia
Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II
Population
Lipids
Coronary Artery Disease
Placebos
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
mipomersen
Pharmacology
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Mipomersen, an Antisense Oligonucleotide to Apolipoprotein B-100, Reduces Lipoprotein(a) in Various Populations With Hypercholesterolemia : Results of 4 Phase III Trials. / Santos, Raul D.; Raal, Frederick J.; Catapano, Alberico L.; Witztum, Joseph L.; Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth; Tsimikas, Sotirios.

In: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 22.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Mipomersen, an Antisense Oligonucleotide to Apolipoprotein B-100, Reduces Lipoprotein(a) in Various Populations With Hypercholesterolemia: Results of 4 Phase III Trials",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE—: Lp(a) is an independent, causal, genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease and aortic stenosis. Current pharmacological lipid-lowering therapies do not optimally lower Lp(a), particularly in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).APPROACH AND RESULTS—: In 4 phase III trials, 382 patients on maximally tolerated lipid-lowering therapy were randomized 2:1 to weekly subcutaneous mipomersen 200 mg (n=256) or placebo (n=126) for 26 weeks. Populations included homozygous FH, heterozygous FH with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD), severe hypercholesterolemia, and hypercholesterolemia at high risk for CAD. Lp(a) was measured 8× between baseline and week 28 inclusive. Of the 382 patients, 57{\%} and 44{\%} had baseline Lp(a) levels >30 and >50 mg/dL, respectively. In the pooled analysis, the mean percent decrease (median, interquartile range in Lp(a) at 28 weeks was significantly greater in the mipomersen group compared with placebo (−26.4 [−42.8, −5.4] versus −0.0 [−10.7, 15.3]; P30 or >50 mg/dL, attainment of Lp(a) values ≤30 or ≤50 mg/dL was most frequent in homozygous FH and severe hypercholesterolemia patients. In the combined groups, modest correlations were present between percent change in apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) (r=0.43; PCONCLUSIONS—: Mipomersen consistently and effectively reduced Lp(a) levels in patients with a variety of lipid abnormalities and cardiovascular risk. Modest correlations were present between apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) lowering but the mechanistic relevance mediating Lp(a) reduction is currently unknown.",
author = "Santos, {Raul D.} and Raal, {Frederick J.} and Catapano, {Alberico L.} and Witztum, {Joseph L.} and Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen and Sotirios Tsimikas",
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AU - Santos, Raul D.

AU - Raal, Frederick J.

AU - Catapano, Alberico L.

AU - Witztum, Joseph L.

AU - Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth

AU - Tsimikas, Sotirios

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N2 - OBJECTIVE—: Lp(a) is an independent, causal, genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease and aortic stenosis. Current pharmacological lipid-lowering therapies do not optimally lower Lp(a), particularly in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).APPROACH AND RESULTS—: In 4 phase III trials, 382 patients on maximally tolerated lipid-lowering therapy were randomized 2:1 to weekly subcutaneous mipomersen 200 mg (n=256) or placebo (n=126) for 26 weeks. Populations included homozygous FH, heterozygous FH with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD), severe hypercholesterolemia, and hypercholesterolemia at high risk for CAD. Lp(a) was measured 8× between baseline and week 28 inclusive. Of the 382 patients, 57% and 44% had baseline Lp(a) levels >30 and >50 mg/dL, respectively. In the pooled analysis, the mean percent decrease (median, interquartile range in Lp(a) at 28 weeks was significantly greater in the mipomersen group compared with placebo (−26.4 [−42.8, −5.4] versus −0.0 [−10.7, 15.3]; P30 or >50 mg/dL, attainment of Lp(a) values ≤30 or ≤50 mg/dL was most frequent in homozygous FH and severe hypercholesterolemia patients. In the combined groups, modest correlations were present between percent change in apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) (r=0.43; PCONCLUSIONS—: Mipomersen consistently and effectively reduced Lp(a) levels in patients with a variety of lipid abnormalities and cardiovascular risk. Modest correlations were present between apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) lowering but the mechanistic relevance mediating Lp(a) reduction is currently unknown.

AB - OBJECTIVE—: Lp(a) is an independent, causal, genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease and aortic stenosis. Current pharmacological lipid-lowering therapies do not optimally lower Lp(a), particularly in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).APPROACH AND RESULTS—: In 4 phase III trials, 382 patients on maximally tolerated lipid-lowering therapy were randomized 2:1 to weekly subcutaneous mipomersen 200 mg (n=256) or placebo (n=126) for 26 weeks. Populations included homozygous FH, heterozygous FH with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD), severe hypercholesterolemia, and hypercholesterolemia at high risk for CAD. Lp(a) was measured 8× between baseline and week 28 inclusive. Of the 382 patients, 57% and 44% had baseline Lp(a) levels >30 and >50 mg/dL, respectively. In the pooled analysis, the mean percent decrease (median, interquartile range in Lp(a) at 28 weeks was significantly greater in the mipomersen group compared with placebo (−26.4 [−42.8, −5.4] versus −0.0 [−10.7, 15.3]; P30 or >50 mg/dL, attainment of Lp(a) values ≤30 or ≤50 mg/dL was most frequent in homozygous FH and severe hypercholesterolemia patients. In the combined groups, modest correlations were present between percent change in apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) (r=0.43; PCONCLUSIONS—: Mipomersen consistently and effectively reduced Lp(a) levels in patients with a variety of lipid abnormalities and cardiovascular risk. Modest correlations were present between apolipoprotein B-100 and Lp(a) lowering but the mechanistic relevance mediating Lp(a) reduction is currently unknown.

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