MiR-196B-5P and miR-200B-3P are differentially expressed in medulloblastomas of adults and children

Michela Visani, Gianluca Marucci, Dario De Biase, Felice Giangaspero, Francesca Romana Buttarelli, Alba Ariela Brandes, Enrico Franceschi, Giorgia Acquaviva, Alessia Ciarrocchi, Kerry Jane Rhoden, Giovanni Tallini, Annalisa Pession

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Medulloblastoma is a highly aggressive brain tumor that typically affects children, while in adults it represents ∼1% of all brain tumors. Little is known about microRNA expression profile of the rare adult medulloblastoma. The main aim of this study was to identify peculiar differences in microRNA expression between childhood and adult medulloblastoma. Medulloblastomas were profiled for microRNA expression using the Exiqon Human miRNome panel (I + II) analyzing 752 microRNAs in a training set of six adult and six childhood cases. Then, the most differentially expressed microRNAs were validated in a total of 21 adult and 19 childhood cases. Eight microRNAs (miR-196b-5p, miR-183-5p, miR-200b-3p, miR-196a-5p, miR-193a-3p, miR-29c-3p, miR-33b-5p, and miR-200a-3p) were differentially expressed in medulloblastoma of adults and children. Analysis of the validation set confirmed that miR-196b-5p and miR-200b-3p were significantly overexpressed in medulloblastoma of adults as compared with those of children. We followed an in silico approach to investigate direct targets and the pathways involved for the two microRNAs (miR-196b and miR-200b) differently expressed between adult and childhood medulloblastoma. Adult and childhood medulloblastoma have different miRNA expression profiles. In particular, the differential dysregulation of miR-196b-5p and miR-200b-3p characterizes the miRNA profile of adult medulloblastoma and suggests potential targets for novel diagnostic, prognostic, or therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number265
JournalDiagnostics
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adult medulloblastoma
  • Childhood medulloblastoma
  • MicroRNA
  • MicroRNA profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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