miR-369-3p modulates inducible nitric oxide synthase and is involved in regulation of chronic inflammatory response

Viviana Scalavino, Marina Liso, Elisabetta Cavalcanti, Isabella Gigante, Antonio Lippolis, Mauro Mastronardi, Marcello Chieppa, Grazia Serino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dendritic cells are the most important antigen-presenting cells that link the innate and acquired immune system. In our previous study, we identified that the upregulation of miR-369-3p suppresses the LPS-induced inflammatory response, reducing C/EBP-β, TNFα and IL-6 production. With the aim of gaining further insight into the biological function of miR-369-3p during acute inflammatory response, in the present study we identified novel gene targets of miR-369-3p and demonstrated the suppressive ability of these genes on the inflammatory dendritic cells. Bioinformatic analyses revealed that iNOS is a potential target of miR-369-3p. We demonstrated that the ectopic induction of miR-369-3p markedly reduced iNOS mRNA and protein as well as NO production. Moreover, we found that the upregulation of miR-369-3p decreased the release of TNFα, IL-6, IL-12, IL-1α, IL-1β in response to LPS, and increased the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-10 and IL-1RA. In addition, LPS-induced nuclear translocation of NF-kB was inhibited by miR-369-3p. Levels of miR-369-3p were decreased in human inflamed regions of human intestine obtained from IBD patients. Our results provide novel additional information on miR-369-3p as a potential core of the signaling regulating the inflammatory response. These findings suggest that miR-369-3p should be considered as a potential target for the future development of new molecular therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15942
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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