Missense mutations in Desmocollin-2 N-terminus, associated with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, affect intracellular localization of desmocollin-2 in vitro

Giorgia Beffagna, Marzia De Bortoli, Andrea Nava, Michela Salamon, Alessandra Lorenzon, Manuela Zaccolo, Luisa Mancuso, Luca Sigalotti, Barbara Bauce, Gianluca Occhi, Cristina Basso, Gerolamo Lanfranchi, Jeffrey A. Towbin, Gaetano Thiene, Gian Antonio Danieli, Alessandra Rampazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins have been reported to cause arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), an autosomal dominant disease characterised by progressive myocardial atrophy with fibro-fatty replacement. We screened 54 ARVC probands for mutations in desmocollin-2 (DSC2), the only desmocollin isoform expressed in cardiac tissue. Methods: Mutation screening was performed by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and direct sequencing. To evaluate the pathogenic potentials of the DSC2 mutations detected in patients affected with ARVC, full-length wild-type and mutated cDNAs were cloned in eukaryotic expression vectors to obtain a fusion protein with green fluorescence protein (GFP); constructs were transfected in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and in HL-1 cells. Results: We identified two heterozygous mutations (c.304G>A (p.E102K) and c.1034T>C (p.I345T)) in two probands and in four family members. The two mutations p.E102K and p.I345T map to the N-terminal region, relevant to adhesive interactions. In vitro functional studies demonstrated that, unlike wild-type DSC2, the two N-terminal mutants are predominantly localised in the cytoplasm. Conclusion: The two missense mutations in the N-terminal domain affect the normal localisation of DSC2, thus suggesting the potential pathogenic effect of the reported mutations. Identification of additional DSC2 mutations associated with ARVC may result in increased diagnostic accuracy with implications for genetic counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 26 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Genetics(clinical)

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