Misunderstandings between platelets and neutrophils build in chronic inflammation

Giuseppe A. Ramirez, Angelo A. Manfredi, Norma Maugeri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Regulated hemostasis, inflammation and innate immunity entail extensive interactions between platelets and neutrophils. Under physiological conditions, vascular inflammation offers a template for the establishment of effective intravascular immunity, with platelets providing neutrophils with an array of signals that increase their activation threshold, thus limiting collateral damage to tissues and promoting termination of the inflammatory response. By contrast, persistent systemic inflammation as observed in immune-mediated diseases, such as systemic vasculitides, systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by platelet and neutrophil reciprocal activation, which ultimately culminates in the generation of thrombo-inflammatory lesions, fostering vascular injury and organ damage. Here, we discuss recent evidence regarding the multifaceted aspects of platelet-neutrophil interactions from bone marrow precursors to shed microparticles. Moreover, we analyse shared and disease-specific events due to an aberrant deployment of these interactions in human diseases. To restore communications between the pillars of the immune-hemostatic continuum constitutes a fascinating challenge for the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2491
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume10
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Inflammation
  • Neutrophil
  • Platelets
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Systemic sclerosis
  • Vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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