Mitochondrial calcium drives clock gene-dependent activation of pyruvate dehydrogenase and of oxidative phosphorylation

Rosella Scrima, Olga Cela, Francesca Agriesti, Claudia Piccoli, Tiziana Tataranni, Consiglia Pacelli, Gianluigi Mazzoccoli, Nazzareno Capitanio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Regulation of metabolism is emerging as a major output of circadian clock circuitry in mammals. Accordingly, mitochondrial oxidative metabolism undergoes both in vivo and in vitro daily oscillatory activities. In a previous study we showed that both glycolysis and mitochondrial oxygen consumption display a similar time-resolved rhythmic activity in synchronized HepG2 cell cultures, which translates in overall bioenergetic changes as here documented by measurement of the ATP level. Treatment of synchronized cells with specific metabolic inhibitors unveiled pyruvate as a major source of reducing equivalents to the respiratory chain with its oxidation driven by the rhythmic (de)phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase. Further investigation enabled to causally link the autonomous cadenced mitochondrial respiration to a synchronous increase of the mitochondrial Ca2+. The rhythmic change of the mitochondrial respiration was dampened by inhibitors of the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter as well as of the ryanodine receptor Ca2+ channel or the ADPR cyclase, indicating that the mitochondrial Ca2+ influx originated from the ER store, likely at contact sites with the mitochondrial compartment. Notably, blockage of the mitochondrial Ca2+ influx resulted in deregulation of the expression of canonical clock genes such as BMALl1, CLOCK, NR1D1. All together our findings unveil a hitherto unexplored function of Ca2+-mediated signaling in time keeping the mitochondrial metabolism and in its feed-back modulation of the circadian clockwork.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118815
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1867
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Circadian clock-genes
  • Inter-organelle communication
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial calcium signaling
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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