Background Some case-control studies reported that mitochondrial haplogroups could be associated with the onset of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the literature regarding this topic is limited. We aimed to investigate whether any mitochondrial haplogroup carried a higher or lower risk of CVD in a large cohort of North American people affected by knee osteoarthritis or at high risk for this condition. Materials and methods A longitudinal cohort study including individuals from the Osteoarthritis Initiative was done. Haplogroups were assigned through a combination of sequencing and PCR-RFLP techniques. All the mitochondrial haplogroups have been named following this nomenclature: HV, JT, UK, IWX, and superHV/others. The strength of the association between mitochondrial haplogroups and incident CVD was evaluated through a Cox’s regression analysis, adjusted for potential confounders, and reported as hazard ratios (HRs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Overall, 3,288 Caucasian participants (56.8% women) with a mean age of 61.3±9.2 years without CVD at baseline were included. During a median follow-up of 8 years, 322 individuals (= 9.8% of baseline population) developed a CVD. After adjusting for 11 potential confounders at baseline and taking those with the HV haplotype as reference (the most frequent), those with JT carried a significant lower risk of CVD (HR = 0.75; 95%CI: 0.54–0.96; p = 0.03). Participants with the J haplogroup had the lowest risk of CVD (HR = 0.71; 95%CI: 0.46–0.95; p = 0.02). Conclusions The presence of JT haplogroups (particularly J) may be associated with a reduced risk of CVD. However, this result was not based on a high level of statistical significance. Thus, future research with larger sample size is needed to assess whether our results can be corroborated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)