Mitochondrial medicine: A metabolic perspective on the pathology of oxidative phosphorylation disorders

Jan A. Smeitink, Massimo Zeviani, Douglass M. Turnbull, Howard T. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The final steps in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in mitochondria are executed by a series of multisubunit complexes and electron carriers, which together constitute the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. OXPHOS is under dual genetic control, with communication between the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes essential for optimal assembly and function of the system. We describe the current understanding of the metabolic consequences of pathological OXPHOS defects, based on analyses of patients and of genetically engineered model systems. Understanding the metabolic consequences of OXPHOS disease is of key importance for elucidating pathogenic mechanisms, guiding diagnosis and developing therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-13
Number of pages5
JournalCell Metabolism
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology

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