Mixed features of depression: Why DSM-5 is wrong (and so was DSM-IV)

Athanasios Koukopoulos, Gabriele Sani, S. Nassir Ghaemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The DSM system has never acknowledged a central position for mixed states; thus, mixed depressions have been almost completely neglected for decades. Now, DSM-5 is proposing diagnostic criteria for depression with mixed features that will lead to more misdiagnosis and inadequate treatment of this syndrome. Different criteria, based on empirically stronger evidence than exists for the DSM-5 criteria, should be adopted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-5
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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