Mixed Incontinence: How Best to Manage It?

Massimo Porena, Elisabetta Costantini, Massimo Lazzeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although common in women, mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) is under-reported and under-treated. It is linked to concomitant disturbances, which may be due to childbirth, ageing, or other medical conditions, in the complex bladder-urethra coordinated system of urine storage and emptying. Primary care physicians can evaluate MUI through history and simple clinical assessment or they can avail of more complex device and tools, such as urodynamic assessment. There is a wide range of therapeutic options. The recent proliferation of new drug treatments and surgical devices for urinary incontinence offers innovative strategies for therapy but products risk being introduced without long-term safety and efficacy assessment. Direct-to-consumer advertising has increased public awareness of MUI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Bladder Dysfunction Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Antimuscarinics
  • Biofeedback
  • Colpo-suspension
  • Diagnosis
  • Duloxetin
  • Epidemiology
  • Integral theory
  • Intrinsic sphincter deficiency
  • Mixed urinary incontinence
  • Oestrogens
  • Pathophysiology
  • Pelvic floor muscle exercises
  • Prevalence
  • Pubovaginal sling
  • Quality of life
  • Surgery
  • Therapy
  • TOT
  • TVT
  • Urethrovesical axis
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Urodynamic assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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