Mixed oxides prosthetic ceramic ball heads. Part 3: Effect of the ZrO2 fraction on the wear of ceramic on ceramic hip joint prostheses. A long-term in vitro wear study

S. Affatato, M. Goldoni, M. Testoni, A. Toni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using ceramic materials it is possible to obtain a number of beneficial mechanical properties such as considerable hardness, good chemical resistance, high tensile strength, and a good fracture toughness. The use of ceramic-on-ceramic as bearing surfaces for hip joint prostheses has been reported to produce a lower wear rate than other combinations (i.e. metal-on-polyethylene and ceramic-on-polyethylene) in total hip artroplasty. These advantages may increase the life expectancy of hip implants and improve the life of patients. Two new types of mixed-oxide ceramics (alumina and yttria-stabilised zirconia) femoral heads and acetabular cups containing different ratios of alumina and zirconia were compared with pure commercial alumina in terms of wear behaviour in a hip joint simulator. Hip joint wear simulator studies were carried out with a full-peak load of 2030N and a frequency of 1Hz in bovine calf serum. After 10 million cycles the measured weight loss of all specimens was very low. However, the experimental results did not show any significant difference between the new experimental mixed-oxide ceramics prototype and the commercial ceramic material couplings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-723
Number of pages7
JournalBiomaterials
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Keywords

  • Acetabular cups
  • Ceramic femoral heads
  • Hip joint wear simulator
  • Mixed-oxide ceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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