MLPA-based approach for initial and simultaneous detection of GBA deletions and recombinant alleles in patients affected by Gaucher Disease

Giulia Amico, Serena Maria Grossi, Raymon Vijzelaar, Federica Lanza, Raffaella Mazzotti, Fabio Corsolini, Mirjam Ketema, Mirella Filocamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The chromosomal region, in which the GBA gene is located, is structurally subject to misalignments, reciprocal and nonreciprocal homologous recombination events, leading to structural defects such as deletions, duplications and gene-pseudogene complex rearrangements causing Gaucher Disease (GD). Interestingly deletions and duplications, belonging to the heterogeneous group of structural defects collectively termed Copy Number Variations (CNVs), together with gene-pseudogene complex rearrangements represent the main cause of pitfalls in GD mutational analysis. In the present study, we set up and validate a Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA)-based approach to simultaneously investigate the potential occurrence of CNVs and complex rearrangements in 8 unrelated GD patients who had still not-well-characterized or uncharacterized alleles. The findings allowed us to complete the mutational analysis in 4 patients, identifying a rare deletion (g.-3100_+834del3934) and 2 novel recombinant alleles (g.4356_7031conJ03060.1:g.2544_4568; g.1942_7319conJ03060.1:g.1092_4856). These results demonstrate the diagnostic usefulness of MLPA in the detection of GBA deletions and recombinations. In addition, MLPA findings have also served as a basis for developing molecular approaches to precisely pinpoint the breakpoints and characterize the underlying mechanism of copy number variations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-337
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Volume119
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Copy number variations
  • Deletions
  • Gaucher Disease
  • GBA gene
  • Gene-pseudogene complex rearrangements
  • Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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