MLR3 molecule is a membrane glycoprotein (mol. mass range 28-34 kDa) present on activated, but not resting human peripheral T cells, B cells and thymocytes. Its kinetics of appearance on the cell surface (3 h after the addition of the inductive signal to the cells) suggests that it is an early activation antigen. The proliferative response of cultured T and B lymphocytes and thymocytes to different activation signals is inhibited by the addition of MLR3 monoclonal antibody. Moreover the antibody in combination with non-mitogenic doses of phorbol myristate acetate leads to proliferation of thymocytes and resting B and T lymphocytes. In the latter, synthesis of interleukin 2 is also induced. Biochemical analysis of MLR3 antigen indicates that it is a phosphorylated protein with N-linked sugar moieties. Together these data suggest a role for MLR3 antigen in the signal transduction process during activation, both for mature lymphocytes and for T cell precursors.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
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