Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) continuously fine tune their immune modulatory properties, but how gene expression programs coordinate this immune cell plasticity is largely unknown. Selective mRNA translation, controlled by MNK1/MNK2 and mTOR pathways impinging on eIF4E, facilitates reshaping of proteomes without changes in abundance of corresponding mRNAs. Using polysome profiling developed for small samples we show that, during tumor growth, gene expression in TAMs is predominately modulated via mRNA-selective changes in translational efficiencies. These alterations in gene expression paralleled accumulation of antiinflammatory macrophages with augmented phosphorylation of eIF4E, a target of the MNK1 and MNK2 kinases, known to selectively modulate mRNA translation. Furthermore, suppression of the MNK2, but not the mTOR signaling pathway, reprogrammed antiinflammatory macrophages toward a proinflammatory phenotype with the ability to activate CD8+ T cells. Thus, selective changes of mRNA translation depending on MNK2 signaling represents a key node regulating macrophage antiinflammatory functions.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 3 2020|
- MRNA translation
- T cell activation
- Tumor-associated macrophages
ASJC Scopus subject areas