Mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty: A full traumatic rotation of 180°

Alessandra Sudanese, Emanuela Castiello, Saverio Affatato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

From February 2008 to September 2012 we implanted 204 mobile-bearing knee prostheses in 192 patients. All the prostheses were cemented (both femoral and tibial components), and the patella was not replaced. Only one early complication of the implants (1/204 = 0.004%) occurred after a traumatic event as a full 180° rotation of the mobile-bearing polyethylene insert. A 78-year-old woman presented with swelling and severe pain at her right knee. This traumatic event was the only case among our mobile-bearing insert patients. The failed polyethylene inserts were retrieved and studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM, ZEISS EVO 50 EP, Cambridge, UK) operating at 20 kV. Scratching and pitting were found on the UHMWPE insert perpendicular to the machining tracks for the concave surface. SEM micrographs of the insert showed burnishing on the concave surfaces and longitudinal scratches were clearly detectable and well-marked on the analyzed surfaces. A traumatic, fully rotating, polyethylene insert is rare and our case is the first report describing a traumatic event with a complete 180 degree rotation mobile-bearing in a total knee prosthesis. In the literature few reports discuss clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson's disease and they cite mixed results. However, some authors suggest that posterior-stabilized and cruciate-retaining TKA should work well while others prefer cruciate-retaining, condylar constrained kinetics, or hinged devices. Although we did not implant a posterior-stabilized mobile-bearing total knee prosthesis or a constrained prosthesis, we obtained good clinical and radiological results at the 2-year followup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-425
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
Knee Prosthesis
Arthroplasty
Knee Replacement Arthroplasties
Polyethylene
Knee prostheses
Prostheses and Implants
Polyethylenes
Patella
Thigh
Parkinson Disease
Burnishing
Knee
Scanning electron microscopy
Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylenes
Electrons
Pain
Equipment and Supplies
Pitting
Prosthetics

Keywords

  • Full-rotation
  • Mobile TKA
  • Parkinson
  • Polyethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty : A full traumatic rotation of 180°. / Sudanese, Alessandra; Castiello, Emanuela; Affatato, Saverio.

In: International Journal of Artificial Organs, Vol. 36, No. 6, 06.2013, p. 421-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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