Modeling the cost-effectiveness for cement-less and hybrid prosthesis in total hip replacement in emilia romagna, Italy

Gian Luca Di Tanna, Salvatore Ferro, Filippo Cipriani, Barbara Bordini, Susanna Stea, Aldo Toni, Federico Silipo, Giampiero Pirini, Roberto Grilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of cement-less versus hybrid prostheses in total hip replacement (THR) in patients diagnosed with primary osteoarthritis. Methods: Effectiveness data were obtained from the Emilia-Romagna Regional Registry on Orthopaedic Prosthesis (RIPO), which collects information on all orthopaedic intervention performed in Emilia-Romagna (41,199 total hip replacements performed from 2000 to 2007), and from which we obtained survival curves and transition probabilities for the cement-less and hybrid prostheses, respectively. Conversely, costs were derived from regional databases through a specific procedure, which allowed us to register individual component's costs for both primary and subsequent revision interventions. A specific Markov transition model was constructed in order to consider the 3 types of revisions that an implant could possibly undergo through its life-span: total, cup or stem, head insert or neck. The cost-effectiveness was expressed in terms of cost per "revision-free" life year. Results and conclusions: Considering a 70-y old patient undergoing THR, the cementless strategy resulted more effective but more costly than the hybrid solution, with an incremental cost effectiveness ratio of 2401.63 per revision-free life year. Following a deterministic sensitivity analysis, hybrid and cementless fixation showed, respectively, a dominance profile for patients older than 83 y and younger than 43 y, whereas for all ages in between, we report a progressive increase in the ICER of cementless prostheses. Our results proved to be robust, as underlined by the probabilistic sensitivity analysis performed using cost distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume169
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • cost effectiveness analysis
  • economic evaluation
  • Markov model
  • sensitivity analysis
  • total hip replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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