Modeling the effect of 3 missense AGXT mutations on dimerization of the AGT enzyme in primary hyperoxaluria type 1

Angela Robbiano, Vladimir Frecer, Jan Miertus, Cristina Zadro, Sheila Ulivi, Elena Bevilacqua, Giorgia Mandrile, Mario De Marchi, Stanislav Miertus, Antonio Amoroso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Mutations of the AGXT gene encoding the alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase liver enzyme (AGT) cause primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1). Here we report a molecular modeling study of selected missense AGXT mutations: the common Gly170Arg and the recently described Gly47Arg and Ser81Leu variants, predicted to be pathogenic using standard criteria. Methods: Taking advantage of the refined 3D structure of AGT, we computed the dimerization energy of the wild-type and mutated proteins. Results: Molecular modeling predicted that Gly47Arg affects dimerization with a similar effect to that shown previously for Gly170Arg through classical biochemical approaches. In contrast, no effect on dimerization was predicted for Ser81Leu. Therefore, this probably demonstrates pathogenic properties via a different mechanism, similar to that described for the adjacent Gly82Glu mutation that affects pyridoxine binding. Conclusion: This study shows that the molecular modeling approach can contribute to evaluating the pathogenicity of some missense variants that affect dimerization. However, in silico studies - aimed to assess the relationship between structural change and biological effects - require the integrated use of more than 1 tool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-676
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nephrology
Volume23
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • AGT enzyme
  • AGXT gene
  • Molecular modeling
  • Primary hyperoxaluria type 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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