Modelling body mass index and endometrial cancer risk in a pooled-analysis of three case-control studies

Matteo Rota, F. Rumi, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Luigino Dal Maso, Antonella Zucchetto, Fabio Levi, Carlo La Vecchia, Alessandra Tavani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To quantify the relation between body mass index (BMI) and endometrial cancer risk, and to describe the shape of such a relation. Design Pooled analysis of three hospital-based case-control studies. Setting Italy and Switzerland. Population A total of 1449 women with endometrial cancer and 3811 controls. Methods Multivariate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were obtained from logistic regression models. The shape of the relation was determined using a class of flexible regression models. Main outcome measure The relation of BMI with endometrial cancer. Results Compared with women with BMI 18.5 to 2, the odds ratio was 5.73 (95% CI 4.28-7.68) for women with a BMI ≥35 kg/m2. The odds ratios were 1.10 (95% CI 1.09-1.12) and 1.63 (95% CI 1.52-1.75) respectively for an increment of BMI of 1 and 5 units. The relation was stronger in never-users of oral contraceptives (OR 3.35, 95% CI 2.78-4.03, for BMI ≥30 versus 2) than in users (OR 1.22, 95% CI 0.56-2.67), and in women with diabetes (OR 8.10, 95% CI 4.10-16.01, for BMI ≥30 versus 2) than in those without diabetes (OR 2.95, 95% CI 2.44-3.56). The relation was best fitted by a cubic model, although after the exclusion of the 5% upper and lower tails, it was best fitted by a linear model. Conclusions The results of this study confirm a role of elevated BMI in the aetiology of endometrial cancer and suggest that the risk in obese women increases in a cubic nonlinear fashion. The relation was stronger in never-users of oral contraceptives and in women with diabetes. Tweetable Abstract Risk of endometrial cancer increases with elevated body weight in a cubic nonlinear fashion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • endometrial cancer
  • fractional polynomial
  • hospital-based case-control studies
  • obesity
  • overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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