Modelling the fibrous tissue layer in cemented hip replacements: Experimental and finite element methods

V. Waide, L. Cristofolini, J. Stolk, N. Verdonschot, G. J. Boogaard, A. Toni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The long-term fixation of cemented femoral components may be jeopardised by the presence of a fibrous tissue layer at the bone-cement interface. This study used both experimental and finite element (FE) methods to investigate the load transfer characteristics of two types of cemented hip replacements (Lubinus SPII and Müller-Curved) with a fibrous tissue layer. The experimental part investigated six stems of each type, where these were implanted in composite femurs with a specially selected silicone elastomer modelling the soft interfacial layer. Two fibrous tissue conditions were examined: a layer covering the full cement mantle, representing a revision condition; and a layer covering the proximal portion of the cement mantle, representing a non-revised implant with partial debonding and fibrous tissue formation. The FE method was used to model the full fibrous tissue layer condition, for both implants. The layer was modelled as a homogeneous, linearly isotropic material. A cross-comparison was performed of the experimental and FE findings. Agreement between experimental and FE models was verified to be within 15%. Varying the stiffness parameter of the FE soft tissue layer had little influence on the cortical bone strains, though had considerable effect on the cement strains. Stress shielding occurred for both stems under both fibrous tissue conditions, with the greatest reduction around the calcar. However, the cortical bone strains were generally larger than those for the equivalent well-fixed stems. The fibrous tissue layer was not found to increase the general strain pattern of the cement mantle, though localised regions of high stress were detected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-26
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Cemented implants
  • Composite femurs
  • Experimental simulations
  • Fibrous tissue layer
  • Finite element analysis
  • Silicone elastomer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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