The effectiveness of the T6 process (surfactant treatment) to decrease calcification of porcine aortic valvular (PAV) and bovine pericardial (BPV) bioprostheses was investigated. Morphologic and biochemical studies were made of standard and T6-treated PAVs and BPVs that had been implanted for a mean of 20 weeks in the tricuspid position in young sheep. Gross, radiographie, histologie and ultrastructural observations showed that the calcific deposits were less severe in IB-treated (n = 9) than in standard PAVs (n = 7), but were similar in severity in T6-treated (n = 6) and standard BPVs (n = 7). This was confirmed by results of quantitative analyses for calcium in half of each cusp of each explanted valve. Because these results showed large differences in standard deviations in the 4 groups of sheep, natural logarithmic and square-root transformations were used for statistical comparisons. The mean calcium content (milligrams of calcium per gram of dry tissue) of standard PAVs (111 ± 53) was greater than that of To-treated PAVs (11 ± 3) (p = 0.0037). The calcium content of IB-treated PAVs was lower than that of re-treated BPVs (96 ± 26) (p = 0.031). However, the calcium content of standard BPVs (35 ± 13) was not different from that of T6-treated BPVs or standard PAVs. Thus, under conditions of relatively short-term implantation in the sheep model, the T6 process is useful for decreasing the extent of calcification in PAVs, but not in BPVs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine