Modification of exercise performance by sharp reduction of blood pressure: A study in patients with uncomplicated hypertension

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We evaluated exercise performance in 14 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension 1 h after the administration of a single dose of placebo, nifedipine (20 mg), captopril (50 mg), and propranolol (80 mg). Drugs were administered at the same time of day following a randomized, double-blind protocol. Mean resting blood pressure (±SE) was 135±3 mm Hg with placebo administration, 118±4 with captopril, 110±4 with nifedipine, and 115±5 with propranolol and increased with exercise to 163±4, 146±3, 136±4, 136±4, respectively. Oxygen consumption at peak exercise and at ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) was 25.2±1.1 and 18.1±1.0 ml/min/kg with placebo. Only propranolol (-2.3 ml/min/kg) decreased peak exercise oxygen consumption. Oxygen consumption at VAT was reduced by nifedipine and propranolol but unaffected by captopril. The effects on exercise capacity of blood pressure reduction in hypertensive patients are dependent on the drug utilized and are not related to the amount of blood pressure reduction. The lowered oxygen consumption at VAT observed with nifedipine and propranolol, and not with captopril, might be due to an excessive downward shift of the muscle perfusion pressure-oxygen consumption relationship which might take place during exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1758
Number of pages4
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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