To investigate the molecular mechanisms of the inhibition of Na+, K+- adenosine triphosphatase (Na+, K+-ATPase) in diabetes mellitus, we incubated Na+, K+-ATPase purified from human placenta of six healthy nondiabetic women with plasma from six insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) men and six healthy controls and with different concentrations of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). We determined the enzyme activity, anthroyl ouabain-binding capacity, dissociation constant (K(d)), and average lifetime values (τ) by the static and dynamic fluorescence of anthroyl ouabain. The lipid annulus of the enzyme was studied by static and dynamic fluorescence of 1-(4-trimethylaminophenyl)-6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (TMA-DPH). Moreover, we studied the lipid microenvironment surrounding the Na+, K+-ATPase purified from the placentas of six healthy women and six insulin dependent diabetic women, determining the percent composition of phospholipids of the lipid annulus. The addition of total and protein-free IDDM plasma to normal Na+, K+-ATPase significantly inhibited the enzymatic activity even at the lowest concentration studied (1: 100), whereas the ouabain-binding capacity, K(d), and τ were not affected by IDDM plasma. The fluorescence polarization and lifetime values of TMA-DPH were significantly decreased by diabetic plasma. The incubation of Na+,K+-ATPase with LPC caused an inhibition of the enzymatic activity without modifications of the anthroyl ouabain-binding capacity and dissociation constant. The fluorescence polarization and lifetime values of TMA-DPH were significantly decreased by 5 μmol/L LPC. The study of the phospholipids surrounding Na+,K+-ATPase demonstrated a significant increase in the percent LPC content in IDDM patients compared with controls together with a concomitant decrease in phosphatidylcholine. These observations indicate that the inhibition caused by diabetic plasma on Na+,K+-ATPase is not dependent on a modification of the ouabain-binding site and that it seems to mimic the effect of LPC addition. A link between modification of the lipid moiety of the enzyme and Na+, K+-ATPase inhibition might be hypothesized.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism