Modifications of muscle synergies and spinal maps due to absence of visual feedback in patients with unilateral vestibular disease.

V. Monaco, D. Martelli, A. Nacci, B. Fattori, S. Berrettini, S. Micera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study aimed at describing the modifications of muscle synergies and spinal activity due to the absence of visual feedback, in patients affected by unilateral vestibular disease. Patients were tested both during unperturbed quite stance and walking while the activity of 7 bilateral muscles, from the leg to the trunk, were recorded for the estimation of muscle synergies and spinal activity. Results showed that during locomotion the absence of visual feedback did not significantly modify either the principal roles underlying muscle activity (i.e., synergies) or the spinal bursts. Conversely, during the upright stance, the absence of visual feedback involved a significant coupling of ankle dorsi- and plantar-flexor muscle groups with a consequent shift of the motoneuronal (MN) activity toward most caudal segments. Results revealed that the muscle synergies are able to document an increased activity of sensory-motor afferences leading a more intense role of the forward based mechanism underlying balance control in vestibular patients.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

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