Objectives: To assess the efficacy and safety of the modified contrast microinjection technique to facilitate chronic total occlusion recanalization. Background: The success rate of chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI) does not exceed 90% even in the most experienced centres. We have previously demonstrated that a large volume of contrast injected into the subintimal space can facilitate recanalization but is limited by a risk of serious complication. The aim of this study was to assess the application, efficacy and safety of a modified contrast microinjection technique that utilizes the injection of a much smaller volume of contrast in CTO-PCI. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients in whom the modified microinjection technique was utilised in patients undergoing CTO-PCI at five tertiary centres was conducted. Results: Of 1,192 patients who underwent CTO-PCI, the microinjection technique was used in 59 patients (4.7%). The majority of CTOs treated were in the right coronary artery (79.7%), were of high complexity and 35.6% of lesions had a least one previously failed PCI attempt. The modified microinjection technique was used for more than one indication in 7 (11.9%) of patients. The success rate was 81.4%. There were no procedural complications related to the use of the reported modified microinjection. Conclusion: Initial experience with the modified microinjection demonstrates that it can be performed safely, is reproducible, and is broadly applicable. Whilst not required for all CTO procedures it can be a helpful adjunctive tool to increase the likelihood of success especially in complex, or refractory cases, without compromising the safety of the procedure.
- Chronic total occlusion
- Fibrous cap modification
- Subintimal space
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging