Objective The aim of the study is to assess the feasibility and complications of the modified V-Y advancement gluteal flap in the vulvo-perineal reconstruction among women operated for vulvar malignancies. Methods From December 2008 to April 2012 women who underwent radical surgery for invasive vulvar cancer were considered for the study. Patients after demolitive procedure were submitted to reconstructive step (Group A) consisting of bilateral or monolateral V-Y advancement fascio-cutaneous flap, from gluteal fold. Surgical results were compared to those of a historical group of patients (Group B) with the same characteristics but not submitted to the reconstructive step. Results Twenty-nine patients were considered for the study and submitted to radical surgery followed by V-Y flap. Surgical results were compared to those of 78 patients submitted to demolitive surgery only. There were no differences in terms of clinical characteristics between the two groups. The average length of hospital stay was 7 and 10 days, respectively for Groups A and B (P = 0.0067). Mean operating time was higher in Group A, 210 vs 120 min (P <0.00001). Among women with tumor size larger than 4 cm (27 Group A, 30 Group B), Group A had lower complication rate (dehiscence 11% vs 40%; P = 0.0172). Conclusions Modified gluteal fold advancement V-Y flap is a safe and simple procedure and can be harvested in a single surgery session. It could be able to reduce hospital stay and in patients with large loss of substance could reduce rate of complications.
- Modified gluteal fold fascio-cutaneous flap
- Vulvar cancer
- Vulvar reconstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology