Modified Research Utilization Questionnaire: Development and Validation Study among Italian Nurses

Rosario Caruso, Anna M Grugnetti, Umberto Pastore, Federica Dellafiore, Francesco Pittella, Davide Ausili, Alessandro Stievano, Cristina Arrigoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop the modified research utilization questionnaire (M-RUQ) and to establish its content and face validity, construct validity, and reliability.

METHODS: This study has a multiphase (three phases), methodological, and cross-sectional design. First, research utilization questionnaire (RUQ) was translated into Italian, which is the target language to develop the M-RUQ. Second, the RUQ psychometric proprieties were assessed using exploratory factorial analysis to identify ambiguous or problematic items (e.g., cross-loadings) (cross-sectional sampling A). The RUQ modification (i.e., item deleting, wording modification, and scoring procedure) represented the development of the M-RUQ among Italian nurses. The third phase was aimed to confirm the construct validity of the M-RUQ and to test its stability and internal consistency (cross-sectional sampling B).

RESULTS: This study's findings show that M-RUQ has a three-dimensional structure and a total of 22 items. The M-RUQ shows evidence of validity and reliability. Precisely, the factorial structure coming from an exploratory factorial analysis on the first sample (n = 504) was confirmed by a final model of confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA) on a second sample (n = 362). The final CFA model showed adequate goodness of fit, where all the factor loadings showed values higher than .40. Cronbach's α was satisfactory for each domain and for the overall scale. Furthermore, the M-RUQ showed good stability described by the test-retest.

CONCLUSION: The M-RUQ should be used to assess research utilization among nurses for educational or research purposes to address the practice. Further research about its validity and reliability is suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Nursing Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019


  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Staff
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


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