Modulation by lonidamine on the combined activity of cisplatin and epidoxorubicin in human breast cancer cells

Rosella Silvestrini, Daniela Gornati, Nadia Zaffaroni, Alessandra Bearzatto, Cinzia De Marco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability of lonidamine (LND), an energolytic derivative of indazole-carboxylic acid, to modulate the cytotoxic activity of cisplatin (CDDP) and epidoxorubicin (EPI), singly or in combination, was investigated in two human breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and T47D). A 72-hr post-incubation with a non-cytotoxic concentration of LND (75 μM) increased the activity of a 1-hr CDDP treatment as well as that of a 1 to 16-hr EPI treatment. A different pattern of interaction among the drugs and modulator was observed as a function of the sequence of drug treatment. Specifically, supra-additive or additive effects of the combination were obtained in the two cell lines according to the different treatment schemes. In particular, the maximum potentiation was observed in MCF7 cells simultaneously exposed to CDDP, EPI and LND for 1 hr and then post-incubated with LND for 72 hr, and in T47 first exposed to EPI and LND, then to CDDP and LND, and finally post-incubated with LND. Flow cytometric analysis of MCF7 cell distribution in the different cycle phases showed that combined treatment with EPI/CDDP/LND was able to stabilize cell cycle perturbations (mainly G2M accumulation) induced by individual agents. The ability of LND to potentiate CDDP and EPI cytotoxicity, and the consideration that LND causes side effects different from those caused by alkylating agents and anthracyclines, make this compound an attractive candidate for multidrug combination therapy in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Cell cycle
  • Chemotherapy
  • Cisplatin
  • Combination regimens
  • Drug resistance
  • Epidoxorubicin
  • Lonidamine
  • MCF7 cells
  • T47D cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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