The ability of retinoic acid to modulate glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) activity has important implications both for cancer prevention and for anticancer therapy. We investigated GSTP1-1 expression and activity in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-BE(2) (genotype A*/B*) under basal conditions and during 48-h incubation with 0.1 μM all-trans-retinoic acid. The steady-state levels of glutathione transferase P1-1 mRNA and protein during 48-h incubation with all-trans-retinoic acid did not increase substantially, but we detected a significant reduction of GSTP1-1 specific activity. This reduction in enzymatic activity could not be ascribed to a differential action of retinoic acid on the gene variants A* and B*; indeed, the two GSTP1-1 isoforms have different affinities toward 1-chloro- 2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), while we found a substantial invariance of the K(m) (CDNB) in the cytosol during retinoid treatment. A modulatory effect of retinoic acid on other enzymes involved in glutathione transferase P1-1 metabolism, such as the retinoic acid-induced tissue trans-glutaminase, might be hypothesized, as well as a direct inactivation of GSTP1-1 by the oxidative stress that characterizes the early phases of apoptosis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1999|
- Glutathione transferase P1-1
- Retinoic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology