Previous reports have shown that thrombin and activators of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibit neurite outgrowth (NOG) in neuroblastoma cells cultured in serum-free medium. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that PKC activation mediates the effect of thrombin on NOG in murine neuroblastoma NB-2a cells. After 2 h in serum-free medium, 70% of the cells displayed neurites; addition of 300 ng/ml thrombin reduced NOG to 24% within 1 h. This inhibition was reduced after NB-2a cells were pretreated for 24 h with 200 nM phorbol dibutyrate down-regulate PKC. Thrombin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate inhibited NOG in an additive way and the protein kinase inhibitors H-7, H-8, and HA1004 reversed the effect of thrombin on NOG with a rank order of activity consistent with PKC inhibition. Furthermore, PKC was translocated from the cytosol to a membrane-bound form 5 to 10 min after addition of thrombin. These findings indicate that thrombin inhibits NOG through a PKC-dependent pathway. Thrombin stimulates the synthesis of the phospholipid platelet-activating factor (PAF) in some cells. However, NOG was markedly stimulated when PAF or its analogue carbamyl-PAF were added to NB-2a cells in medium with serum. Furthermore, the PAF receptor antagonist SRI 63072 inhibited NOG in NB-2a cells in serum-free medium. These cells accumulated PAF with kinetics similar to that of NOG inducPAF was synthesized by the de novo pathway, as shown by the incorporation of [3H]choline. These findings suggest that PAF is a mediator of NOG in NB-2a cells. Thrombin neither stimulates nor inhibits PAF synthesis in these cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 5 1991|
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