Modulation of spontaneous alpha brain rhythms using low-intensity transcranial direct-current stimulation

Grazia F. Spitoni, Rocco L. Cimmino, Chiara Bozzacchi, Luigi Pizzamiglio, Francesco Di Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) is a form of neurostimulation in which a constant, low current is delivered directly to the brain area of interest by small electrodes. The overall aim of this study was to examine and monitor the modulation of brain activity by electroencephalogram (EEG) in the frequency domain during tDCS in the resting state. To this end, we considered the modulation of spontaneous EEG to be a marker of the perturbation that was induced through the direct current (1.5 mA for 15 min). In all conditions (anodal, cathodal, and sham), an active electrode was placed over the right posterior parietal cortex, and a reference electrode was placed on the ipsilateral deltoid muscle. The EEG was recorded using a 64-channel system. The effect of tDCS was limited to the alpha rhythm, and the anodal stimulation significantly affected the alpha rhythm, whereas the cathodal stimulation did not elicit any modifications. Further, we observed modulation of alpha activity in areas that were stimulated directly through tDCS and in anterior noncontiguous areas. Finally, the anodal effect peaked 7.5 min after stimulation and decreased gradually over time. Our study demonstrates that in the resting brain, monocephalic anodal tDCS over posterior parietal areas alters ongoing brain activity, specifically in the alpha band rhythm. Our data can be used to fine-tune tDCS protocols in neurorehabilitation settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA529
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 3 2013

Keywords

  • Alpha rhythm
  • Monocephalic montage
  • Noninvasive electric stimulation
  • Parietal cortex
  • TDCS-EEG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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