Modulation of striatal dopamine metabolism by the activity of dorsal raphe serotonergic afferences

M. G. De Simoni, G. Dal Toso, F. Fodritto, A. Sokola, S. Algeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Serotonin (5-HT)-dopamine (DA) interaction was studied in the caudate nucleus after electrical stimulation of the dorsal raphe (DR), an area containing 5-HT cell bodies and sending afferences to nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The DR was stimulated by means of a bipolar stainless steel electrode for 16 min (10 Hz, 0.6 ms, 200 μA). 5-HT and DA metabolism were monitored before, during and after stimulation by in vivo differential pulse voltammetry. This electrochemical techniques uses carbon fiber electrodes implanted in brain areas to record oxidation peaks corresponding to extracellular 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC). Changes in the concentrations of metabolites were recorded every 2 min in freely moving rats. Both 5-HIAA and DOPAC increased in the first minutes after the beginning of stimulation, the rise lasting 30 min after the end. That DR was closely involved was borne out by the fact that stimulation in the surrounding areas had no effect on either metabolite. Classical biochemical determinations in tissue samples were also used to study the effect on DA release: 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT) levels, measured in basal conditions and after blockade of its degradation by pargyline, were not changed, indicating that DR stimulation, though increasing DA metabolism, does not affect release. However, modulation of DA transmission by 5-HT afferences seems possible in certain circumstances. This 5-HT-DA interaction appears to be presynaptic (on dopaminergic terminals or cell bodies) since it is not prevented by kainic acid degeneration of striatal neurons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 12 1987


  • Dopamine
  • Dorsal raphe
  • In vivo voltammetry
  • Kainic acid
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)


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