Modulators of arginine metabolism do not impact on peripheral T-cell tolerance and disease progression in a model of spontaneous prostate cancer

Nicolò Rigamonti, Giusy Capuano, Alessia Ricupito, Elena Jachetti, Matteo Grioni, Luca Generoso, Massimo Freschi, Matteo Bellone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Chronic inflammation, recruitment of myeloid-derived cells, and perturbation of the arginine metabolism have been all proposed as mechanisms favoring prostate carcinogenesis and tumor immunoescape. Objective of this study was to evaluate whether accumulation of CD11b+Gr1+ cells, also defined myeloid-derived suppressor cells, occur in mice affected by transplantable or spontaneous prostate cancer (PC). We also investigated whether N(G) nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and sildenafil, both modulators of the arginine metabolism, restrain tumor growth and restore tumor-specific immunity. Experimental Design: Wild-type C57BL/6 mice bearing TRAMP-C1 PC and transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice were treated with vehicle, L-NAME or sildenafil, and evaluated for CD11b+ cells accumulation in the blood, several organs, and the tumor mass and for disease progression. Results: CD11b+Gr1high, CD11b +Gr1int, and CD11b+Gr1- cells differently accumulated in different organs and especially in the tumor of the two mouse models. L-NAME and sildenafil impaired the immunosuppressive function of CD11b+ cells in both models and restrained TRAMP-C1 growth, but they neither break tumor-specific immune tolerance nor limit tumor progression in TRAMP mice. Conclusions: Collectively, our results emphasize substantial differences in tumor-induced alteration of myelopoiesis and sensitivity to modulators of the arginine metabolism between a transplantable and a spontaneous model of PC. They also suggest that perturbation of the arginine metabolism is dispensable for PC progression and the associated T-cell tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1023
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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