Nuclear genes affecting mitochondrial genome stability were screened in an Italian family presenting with autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia (adPEO) associated with multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions. We report on a heterozygous c.907C>T (p.R303W) mutation found in the N-terminal domain of the human mitochondrial DNA helicase, Twinkle protein, in six members of a family, in which two individuals manifested late-onset PEO and morphological and molecular signs of mitochondrial dysfunction along with two carriers who are presently free of disease manifestation. We also investigated if the p.R303W mutation in PEO1 gene affected the relative copy number of mitochondrial DNA genomes.
- mtDNA copy number
- mtDNA multiple deletions
- Progressive external ophthalmoplegia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health