Molecular analysis of aldolase B genes in hereditary fructose intolerance

N. C P Cross, T. M. Cox, R. de Franchis, G. Sebastio, C. Dazzo, D. R. Tolan, C. Grégori, M. Odievre, M. Vidailhet, V. Romano, G. Mascali, C. Romano, S. Musumeci, B. Steinmann, R. Gitzelmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The molecular basis of hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) was studied in 50 subjects (41 pedigrees, 82 apparently independent mutant alleles of aldolase B) by direct analysis of aldolase B genes amplified by means of the polymerase chain reaction. The mutation A149P (ala 149→ pro) was found in 67% of alleles but was significantly more common in patients from northern than from southern Europe. Two other point mutations of aldolase B were identified. A174D (C→A; ala 174→ asp) was found in subjects from Italy, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia (overall frequency 16%) but not in those from the United Kingdom, France, or the United States. L288ΔC carried a single base-pair deletion causing frameshift at codon 288 and was restricted to Sicilian subjects. By testing for these mutations in amplified DNA with a limited panel of allele-specific oligonucleotides, more than 95% of HFI patients will be susceptible to genetic diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-309
Number of pages4
JournalLancet
Volume335
Issue number8685
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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