Molecular and pathological features of gastric cancer in lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis

Mara Fornasarig, Raffaella Magris, Valli De Re, Ettore Bidoli, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Stefania Maiero, Alessandra Viel, Renato Cannizzaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lynch syndrome (LS) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are autosomal dominant hereditary diseases caused by germline mutations leading to the development of colorectal cancer. Moreover, these mutations result in the development of a spectrum of different tumors, including gastric cancers (GCs). Since the clinical characteristics of GCs associated with LS and FAP are not well known, we investigated clinical and molecular features of GCs occurring in patients with LS and FAP attending our Institution. The Hereditary Tumor Registry was established in 1994 at the Department of Oncologic Gastroenterology, CRO Aviano National Cancer Institute, Italy. It includes 139 patients with LS and 86 patients with FAP. Patients were recruited locally for prospective surveillance. Out of 139 LS patients, 4 developed GC—3 in the presence of helicobacter pylori infection and 1 on the background of autoimmune diseases. All GCs displayed a high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) and loss of related mismatch repair (MMR) protein. One of the FAP patients developed a flat adenoma, displaying low-grade dysplasia at the gastric body, and another poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with signet ring cells like Krukenberg without HP infection. LS carriers displayed a risk of GC. The recognition of HP infection and autoimmune diseases would indicate those at higher risk for an endoscopic surveillance. Regarding FAP, the data suggested the need of suitable endoscopic surveillance in long survivals with diffuse fundic gland polyps.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1682
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 6 2018

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Autoimmune gastritis
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
  • Fundic gland polyps (FGPs)
  • Gastric cancer
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Lynch syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this