Molecular biology of renal-cell carcinoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Renal-cell cancer (RCC) is an heterogeneous disease consisting of different subtypes that show peculiar histological features and genetic alterations. Although inherited or familial predisposition occurs in less than 4% of renal cancers, most of the available information on the genetic alterations involved in the pathogenesis of RCC derives from the study of the inherited forms of kidney cancer: von Hippel-Lindau (VHL gene), hereditary papillary renal carcinoma (MET proto-oncogene), hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal-cell cancer (fumarate hydratase gene), and Birt-Hogg-Dube (BHD gene) syndromes. Such genetic alterations have also been detected in sporadic RCCs. In particular, inactivation of VHL gene by mutation or hypermethylation has been found in up to 70% of sporadic clear-cell RCC, and it has been associated with increased hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) activity. The knowledge of these deregulated genes and their downstream pathways provides the rationale for the development of target-based approaches for RCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-34
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer, Supplement
Volume6
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • BHD
  • FH
  • MET
  • Renal cancer
  • VHL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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