Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) are widespread in hospital settings worldwide. The present investigation was undertaken to assess the distribution and prevalence of ESBLs belonging to the TEM and SHV families in 448 ESBL-producing clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae collected from 10 different Italian hospitals. The natures of TEM and SHV determinants were identified by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified genes. TEM-52 and SHV-12 were the most common variants, and they were found in most hospitals and in several different species. Other less frequent variants included TEM-5, TEM-12, TEM-15, TEM-19, TEM-20, TEM-24, TEM-26, TEM-43, TEM-60, TEM-72, TEM-87, SHV-2a, SHV-5, and SHV-11. Proteus mirabilis was the most common producer of TEM-type ESBLs, while Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common producer of SHV-type ESBLs. The distribution of TEM- and SHV-type ESBL variants in Enterobacteriaceae from Italian hospitals exhibited notable differences from those from other geographical settings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)