Molecular characterization of the S-layer gene, sbpA, of Bacillus sphaericus CCM 2177 and production of a functional S-layer fusion protein with the ability to recrystallize in a defined orientation while presenting the fused allergen

Nicola Ilk, Christine Völlenkle, Eva M. Egelseer, Andreas Breitwieser, Uwe B. Sleytr, Margit Sára

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The nucleotide sequence encoding the crystalline bacterial cell surface (S-layer) protein SbpA of Bacillus sphaericus CCM 2177 was determined by a PCR-based technique using four overlapping fragments. The entire sbpA sequence indicated one open reading frame of 3,804 bp encoding a protein of 1,268 amino acids with a theoretical molecular mass of 132,062 Da and a calculated isoelectric point of 4.69. The N-terminal part of SbpA, which is involved in anchoring the S-layer subunits via a distinct type of secondary cell wall polymer to the rigid cell wall layer, comprises three S-layer-homologous motifs. For screening of amino acid positions located on the outer surface of the square S-layer lattice, the sequence encoding Strep-tag I, showing affinity to streptavidin, was linked to the 5′ end of the sequence encoding the recombinant S-layer protein (rSbpA) or a C-terminally truncated form (rSbpA31-1068). The deletion of 200 C-terminal amino acids did not interfere with the self-assembly properties of the S-layer protein but significantly increased the accessibility of Strep-tag I. Thus, the sequence encoding the major birch pollen allergen (Bet v1) was fused via a short linker to the sequence encoding the C-terminally truncated form rSpbA31-1068. Labeling of the square S-layer lattice formed by recrystallization of rSbpA31-1068/Bet v1 on peptidoglycan-containing sacculi with a Bet v1-specific monoclonal mouse antibody demonstrated the functionality of the fused protein sequence and its location on the outer surface of the S-layer lattice. The specific interactions between the N-terminal part of SbpA and the secondary cell wall polymer will be exploited for an oriented binding of the S-layer fusion protein on solid supports to generate regularly structured functional protein lattices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3251-3260
Number of pages10
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume68
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Microbiology

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