Molecular Crosstalking among Noncoding RNAs: A New Network Layer of Genome Regulation in Cancer

Marco Ragusa, Cristina Barbagallo, Duilia Brex, Angela Caponnetto, Matilde Cirnigliaro, Rosalia Battaglia, Davide Barbagallo, Cinzia Di Pietro, Michele Purrello

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Over the past few years, noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been extensively studied because of the significant biological roles that they play in regulation of cellular mechanisms. ncRNAs are associated to higher eukaryotes complexity; accordingly, their dysfunction results in pathological phenotypes, including cancer. To date, most research efforts have been mainly focused on how ncRNAs could modulate the expression of protein-coding genes in pathological phenotypes. However, recent evidence has shown the existence of an unexpected interplay among ncRNAs that strongly influences cancer development and progression. ncRNAs can interact with and regulate each other through various molecular mechanisms generating a complex network including different species of RNAs (e.g., mRNAs, miRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs). Such a hidden network of RNA-RNA competitive interactions pervades and modulates the physiological functioning of canonical protein-coding pathways involved in proliferation, differentiation, and metastasis in cancer. Moreover, the pivotal role of ncRNAs as keystones of network structural integrity makes them very attractive and promising targets for innovative RNA-based therapeutics. In this review we will discuss: (1) the current knowledge on complex crosstalk among ncRNAs, with a special focus on cancer; and (2) the main issues and criticisms concerning ncRNAs targeting in therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4723193
JournalInternational Journal of Genomics
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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    Ragusa, M., Barbagallo, C., Brex, D., Caponnetto, A., Cirnigliaro, M., Battaglia, R., Barbagallo, D., Di Pietro, C., & Purrello, M. (2017). Molecular Crosstalking among Noncoding RNAs: A New Network Layer of Genome Regulation in Cancer. International Journal of Genomics, 2017, [4723193]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4723193