Molecular detection of gastrointestinal viral infections in hospitalized patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gastrointestinal viral syndromes are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. Etiological agents include a large number of viruses encompassing several orders, families, and genera. During the period April 2011 to April 2012, 689 stool samples from as many patients hospitalized at the Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo of Pavia exhibiting gastrointestinal syndromes were examined for the presence of rotavirus, norovirus, astrovirus, adenovirus, rhinovirus, enterovirus, parechovirus, bocavirus, coronavirus, sapovirus, cosavirus, and aichi virus using polymerase chain reaction assays. Gastrointestinal viral agents were detected in 246 (36%) patients of the 689 analyzed. Adenovirus and norovirus were the most common viruses in this cohort, while aichi virus was the only gastrointestinal agent not detected. Surprisingly, rhinovirus was one of the most frequently detected viruses. However, a potential association with gastroenteritis remains to be confirmed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-235
Number of pages5
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Kobuvirus
Virus Diseases
Gastrointestinal Agents
Norovirus
Rhinovirus
Viruses
Adenoviridae
Parechovirus
Bocavirus
Sapovirus
Coronavirus
Enterovirus
Rotavirus
Gastroenteritis
Morbidity
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mortality

Keywords

  • Gastroenteritis
  • Gastrointestinal viruses
  • Real-time RT-PCR
  • Stool samples

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Molecular detection of gastrointestinal viral infections in hospitalized patients",
abstract = "Gastrointestinal viral syndromes are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. Etiological agents include a large number of viruses encompassing several orders, families, and genera. During the period April 2011 to April 2012, 689 stool samples from as many patients hospitalized at the Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo of Pavia exhibiting gastrointestinal syndromes were examined for the presence of rotavirus, norovirus, astrovirus, adenovirus, rhinovirus, enterovirus, parechovirus, bocavirus, coronavirus, sapovirus, cosavirus, and aichi virus using polymerase chain reaction assays. Gastrointestinal viral agents were detected in 246 (36{\%}) patients of the 689 analyzed. Adenovirus and norovirus were the most common viruses in this cohort, while aichi virus was the only gastrointestinal agent not detected. Surprisingly, rhinovirus was one of the most frequently detected viruses. However, a potential association with gastroenteritis remains to be confirmed.",
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author = "Francesca Rovida and Giulia Campanini and Antonio Piralla and Adzasehoun, {Kodjo Messan Guy} and Antonella Sarasini and Fausto Baldanti",
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AU - Rovida, Francesca

AU - Campanini, Giulia

AU - Piralla, Antonio

AU - Adzasehoun, Kodjo Messan Guy

AU - Sarasini, Antonella

AU - Baldanti, Fausto

PY - 2013/11

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AB - Gastrointestinal viral syndromes are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in humans worldwide. Etiological agents include a large number of viruses encompassing several orders, families, and genera. During the period April 2011 to April 2012, 689 stool samples from as many patients hospitalized at the Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo of Pavia exhibiting gastrointestinal syndromes were examined for the presence of rotavirus, norovirus, astrovirus, adenovirus, rhinovirus, enterovirus, parechovirus, bocavirus, coronavirus, sapovirus, cosavirus, and aichi virus using polymerase chain reaction assays. Gastrointestinal viral agents were detected in 246 (36%) patients of the 689 analyzed. Adenovirus and norovirus were the most common viruses in this cohort, while aichi virus was the only gastrointestinal agent not detected. Surprisingly, rhinovirus was one of the most frequently detected viruses. However, a potential association with gastroenteritis remains to be confirmed.

KW - Gastroenteritis

KW - Gastrointestinal viruses

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