Molecular mechanisms of augmenter of liver regeneration as immunoregulator: Its effect on interferon-γ expression in rat liver

L. Polimeno, M. Margiotta, L. Marangi, T. Lisowsky, A. Azzarone, E. Ierardi, M. A. Frassanito, R. Francavilla, A. Francavilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. We have shown that the administration of exogenous Augmenter of Liver Regeneration protein in intact rats i) regulates mitochondrial gene expression by inducing the transcription and translation of the nuclear-encoded mitochondrial transcription factor A, and ii) inhibits the lytic activity of liver-resident Natural Killer cells. Aims. The present investigation was carried out to study the effect, in intact rats, of exogenous administration of Augmenter of Liver Regeneration protein on Interferon-γ, a cytokine produced by activated Natural Killer cells and known to control the expression of mitochondrial transcription factor A, a nuclear gene responsible for mitochondrial metabolism. Methods. Interferon-γ was measured as messenger RNA in liver-derived mononuclear leukocytes and as protein in liver-derived Natural Killer cells after a single injection of Augmenter of Liver Regeneration protein. Results. The data obtained demonstrate that: i) in intact rats, Augmenter of Liver Regeneration protein administration induces a reduction of Interferon-γ in the liver-resident Natural Killer cells and ii) the administration of Interferon-γ in 70% hepatectomized rats is followed by a significant reduction both of the mitochondrial transcription factor A expression and of liver regeneration. Conclusions. These data demonstrate the pivotal role of Augmenter of Liver Regeneration as Growth Factor and as immunoregulator by controlling, through Interferon-γ levels, the mitochondrial transcription factor A expression and the lytic activity of liver-resident Natural Killer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-225
Number of pages9
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume32
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2000

Keywords

  • ALR
  • Cell proliferation
  • Hepatic IFN-γ
  • Immunosuppression
  • Mitochondrion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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