Molecular pathogenesis of parathyroid tumours

Luigia Cinque, Flavia Pugliese, Antonio Stefano Salcuni, Alfredo Scillitani, Vito Guarnieri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Parathyroid tumors represent an elusive endocrine neoplasia, which lead to primary hyperparathyroidism, pHPT, a common endocrine calcium disorder characterized by hypercalcemia and normal-high parathormone secretion. Parathyroid tumours are benign adenomas or multiple glands hyperplasia in the vast majority (>99% of cases), while malignant neoplasms are rare (less than 1%). Despite pHPT is a common disorder, our knowledge about the genetic predisposition and molecular pathophysiology is limited to the familial syndromic forms of parathyroid tumour, that, however, represent not more than the 10% of all the cases; instead, the pathophysiology of sporadic forms remains an open field, although data about epigenetic mechanisms or private genes have been supposed. Here we present an overview of more recent acquisitions about the genetic causes along with their molecular mechanisms of benign, but also, malignant parathyroid tumours either in sporadic and familial presentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-908
Number of pages18
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Neoplasms
Primary Hyperparathyroidism
Hypercalcemia
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Parathyroid Hormone
Epigenomics
Adenoma
Hyperplasia
Calcium
Genes

Keywords

  • endocrine disease
  • parathyroid
  • primary hyperparathyroidism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Molecular pathogenesis of parathyroid tumours. / Cinque, Luigia; Pugliese, Flavia; Salcuni, Antonio Stefano; Scillitani, Alfredo; Guarnieri, Vito.

In: Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 32, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 891-908.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Cinque, Luigia ; Pugliese, Flavia ; Salcuni, Antonio Stefano ; Scillitani, Alfredo ; Guarnieri, Vito. / Molecular pathogenesis of parathyroid tumours. In: Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2018 ; Vol. 32, No. 6. pp. 891-908.
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